Caleb Stegall was born September 20, 1971, in Topeka, Kansas. He graduated from Lawrence High School in 1989, and in 1993 he received a Bachelor of Arts, with honors, in English Literature from Geneva College in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania. He earned his Juris Doctorate in December 1999 from the University of Kansas School of Law, where he served on the Kansas Law Review; was awarded the William L. Burdick Prize, given to the top student in his or her class; and graduated Order of the Coif.
Justice Stegall was appointed to the Supreme Court by Governor Sam Brownback effective December 5, 2014, following his tenure on the Kansas Court of Appeals.
Upon his admission to the Kansas bar in 2000, Justice Stegall served as a law clerk to the Honorable Deanell R. Tacha, chief judge of the Tenth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals. He then joined the Topeka office of the Foulston Siefkin law firm, where he practiced in the areas of commercial, tort and appellate litigation.
In 2005, he formed the law firm Stegall & Associates in Perry, Kansas. During this period, Justice Stegall handled a variety of highly visible matters of significant public concern, including successfully representing a number of American missionaries who were charged with serious crimes in Haiti following that country's devastating earthquake in 2010. For his work on behalf of the missionaries, Stegall was awarded the Kansas Bar Association's 2010 Pro Bono Certificate.
From 2009 to 2011, in addition to his private practice, Justice Stegall served as the elected County Attorney of Jefferson County, Kansas.
In January 2011, Stegall was named Chief Counsel to the Governor in the newly formed Brownback Administration. He served as the top legal adviser in the Kansas executive branch until his appointment to the Kansas Court of Appeals three years later.